PA 582 Midterm Exam Keller

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PA 582 Midterm Exam Keller

PA 582 Midterm Exam Public Policy Formulation Implementation Keller

(TCO A) Of the following, which is not a central value of the managerial approach? (Points : 5)

Accountability

Economy

Effectiveness

Providing for political representation in public administration

(TCO A) As values, representation and transparency:

Are equally relevant to the public and private transparency

Have differing relevance to the public and private sectors

Do not bear on the practice of public administration

None of the above

(TCO A) Public administration is similar to private management in that (Points : 5)

It provides services

It is profit seeking

It regulates the public at large

None of the above

(TCO A) Under the political approach to public administration, individuals are considered as: (Points : 5)

Members of groups

Ill-informed

Interchangeable with one another

All of the above

(TCO A) In the United States, politics are salient to public administration because: (Points : 5)

Most public employees are hired on a partisan basis

All administrative functions are highly political

Public administrators are involved in the public policy cycle

All of the above

(TCO C) During the 20th century, the government in the United States grew and expanded immensely. This trend has continued into this century. This growth and expansion is known as: (Points : 5)

The third-party government

The Civil Service Reform

The market-based solution

The rise of the administrative state

(TCO C) Congressional oversight is: (Points : 5)

A check on public administrative activity

The failure to pay attention to policy details

Making sure that agencies follow presidential directives

Assuring that federal agencies will have as much funding as they require

(TCO C) In 1946, the Administrative Procedure Act was passed to (Points : 5)

Give agencies greater access to judicial review

Regulate agency rule-making, adjudication, enforcement, and transparency

Force agencies to establish advisory committees

None of the above

(TCO I) Organized interests can influence administrative policy making through (Points : 5)

Advisory committees

Lobbying

Negotiated rule making

All of the above

(TCO I) The popularity of interest groups is based largely on the assumption that (Points : 5)

Public administration represents the national will

Public administration promotes the national interest

Public administration is involved in policy making

None of the above

(TCO E) Which of the following are generally considered to be uncontrollable government expenditures? (Points : 5)

Entitlements

Interest on debt

Spending required under contractual obligations

All of the above

(TCO E) In 1993, the Congress of the United States passed the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA). This act most closely seeks to (Points : 5)

Enhance accountability by strengthening the offices of theInspector General (IG) in each federal agency

Require various federal government programs to establish five-year strategic plans that include performance goals

Encourage the EOP to establish performance goals for various federal agencies

Give individual government employees financial incentives to expose waste and fraud in the federal government

(TCO E) Property taxes tend to be (Points : 5)

Progressive

Regressive

Proportional

Neutral

(TCO E) Which of the following constitutes the largest source of federal revenues (Points : 5)

Individual income taxes

Corporate income taxes

Government borrowing

Excise taxes

(TCO I) Discuss how you as a citizen can try to have an impact on policy making by public administrators within a department or agency at a national level.(Points : 20)

As a citizen, I could impact policy making by informing the city council or school board about…

(TCO C) Define the term “interest group” (or “special interest group”), and explain how an individual may try to influence public policy via such a group. (Points : 20)

Interest groups are organizations that represent the social and economic interests of certain groups of the population, such as the…

(TCO C) Define the term stakeholder for purposes of a discussion of public policy. Also explain how any given person may be a stakeholder in more than one way on a public policy issue involving governmental finances. (Points : 20)

“A stakeholder is any person, organization, group, or entity that might be affected by a decision. In terms of…

(TCO A) Healthcare access and affordability is an issue that has become more prevalent in our society and has been the subject of much debate and legislation. Suppose for the sake of this question that the Congress of the United States government has at long last passed legislation providing for universal healthcare coverage, and the president has signed it into law. In other words, each and every citizen and resident of the United States is now entitled to healthcare services without regard as to the ability to pay. Focusing only on the managerial approach to public administration, please address how the government departments or agencies will be structured to implement this new policy. You may wish to address the values under that approach, the possible organizational structure, the view of the individual, and budgeting issues. (Points : 40)

The managerial approach is similar to the business approach where the differences between public and private management are diminished. With this approach, the government is…

(TCO E) If you are a policy maker at a local level seeking funding for a new program or service, you will be facing issues that are different from policy makers at the national level. Please explain three or more of those issues and challenges. (Points : 40)

As a policy maker at a local level seeking funding for a new program, they may faces issues regarding basic information on cost and charges, the impact of pricing reform, comparative…

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